You are here

"The Evolutionary Enigma of Sex," presented by Professor Sarah Otto of the University of British Columbia for the Morrison Institute Winter Colloquium

Professor Otto’s work focuses on the development of population-genetic models, using analytical and numerical techniques to infer what evolutionary changes are possible and under what conditions. The goals of this research are to produce specific predictions that can be tested either experimentally or by comparing the expected and observed distributions of a trait. She is currently interested in combining theoretical and empirical approaches to a variety of questions including:

How does the balance between haploid and diploid phases of a life cycle evolve? The haploid and diploid phases of sexual life cycles are extremely variable in length, ranging from little development in one or the other phase to equal development in both. Evolutionary models are being explored to better understand the factors that favor different life cycles. These models include characteristics of a population such as its mating system, ecology, and population size.

Why has recombination evolved? This question has been of central interest to evolutionists for some time, yet we still do not know the answer. Theoretical analyses have found that evolution can favor increased recombination, but that it often favors decreased recombination. The essential problem is that recombination acts as a double-edged sword, both creating and destroying advantageous gene combinations. She exploring a variety of possible advantages of recombination to determine which favors recombination most strongly and over the broadest range of parameters.

What factors affect the rate of evolution of a population? Demographic factors can have a large impact on the rate of adaptive evolution of a population. Similarly, changes in population size affect the amount of genetic drift, the extent to which deleterious mutations accumulate, and the maintenance of genetic variation. Her group is investigating the role that a number of factors, including demography, have on the evolutionary potential of a population.

Sarah Otto earned her B.Sc. and Ph.D. at Stanford. She was a Miller Post-doctoral Fellow, UC Berkeley (1992-94); and SERC Post-doctoral Fellow, University of Edinburgh (1994-95). She won the Young Investigator Prize from the American Society of Naturalists in 1995. She was the Distinguished Professor or the Peter Wall Institute, at the University of British Columbia in 1999, a Steacie Fellow, NSERC (2001-2003), and won the McDowell Prize at UBC in 2004.

 

Details

When:

Wednesday, February 19, 2014. 04:15 PM

Where:

Herrin T-175

Sponsor:

Morrison Institute for Population and Resource Studies

Contact:

723-7518
morrisoninstitute@stanford.edu

Admission:

Free and open to the public