When Stanford historian and director of the Stanford Humanities Center Caroline Winterer realized that “There were many enlightenments in America, not just one,” she set out to learn how early Americans themselves thought about being enlightened.
In his recent book, Stanford historian Zephyr Frank explores how 19th century literature tells the social history of Rio de Janeiro, revealing the foundations of today’s Olympic city.
In a study of Persian literature, Stanford religious studies scholar Ahoo Najafian describes the role of poetry in the context of modernity in Iran. Ironically, those by the Grand Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini spoke out against established, strict religion.
Through interviews coupled with archival research, Stanford’s Jindong Cai researched the history of Beethoven’s popularity in China in hopes of creating cultural connections between China and the West.