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Fellows: 2005-2006

Keith Baker

Donal Andrews Whittier Fellow

History, Stanford University

Jean-Paul Marat: Prophet of Terror

Keith Baker is the J.E. Wallace Sterling Professor of Humanities and in the Department of History at Stanford, where he has taught since 1989. He has written widely on the Enlightenment, the Old Regime in France, and the French Revolution. His most recent publication, "Revolution 1.0," appeared in the Journal of Modern European History 2013. 

Tocqueville wrote of the "immoderate, violent, radical, desperate, bold, almost crazed...character" of the French revolutionary leaders as an inexplicable mystery, symptomatic of "a virus of a new and unknown kind." No one fits this characterization more closely than Marat. Baker's goal is to make sense of his ideas, his actions, and the immense influence of his call for Terror. 

Carlo Caballero

External Faculty Fellow 2005-06

Music, University of Colorado

"French Music and the Imagination of Classicism"

Carlo Caballero is Associate Professor of Music at the University of Colorado at Boulder. His research focuses on Western European music in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. His work on composers such as Fauré and Dukas has pursued a cross-disciplinary approach to the history of the arts and ideas while also seeking evidence in musical structure. His latest project examines the persistence of eighteenth-century social and aesthetic values in nineteenth-century Paris."French Music and the Imagination of Classicism" begins the project of rewriting the history of 19th-century music from the perspective of French rather than German culture, and culminates in a revisionist account of twentieth-century "neoclassicism." The book re-evaluates cultural exchanges between the two national traditions, analyzes French resistance to romanticism, and highlights the powerful influence eighteenth-century values continued to exert in France on genres ranging from ballet to chamber music.

Ya Chen Ma

Internal Faculty Fellow 2005-06

Art and Art History, Stanford University

"Picturing Suzhou: Visual Politics in the Making of Cityscapes in Eighteenth-Century China"

Ashwini Deo

Geballe Dissertation Fellow 2005-06

Linguistics, Stanford University

"Diachronic Change and Synchronic Typology: Tense and Aspect in Modern Indo-Aryan Languages"

Johnannes Fabian

External Faculty Fellow 2005-06

Anthropology, University of Amsterdam

"Closing House: A Late Ethnography"

Johannes Fabian received a Ph.D. in Cultural Anthropology in 1969 from the University of Chicago. He currently serves as a member of the Amsterdam School of Social Research at the University of Amsterdam. His research interest areas include cultural knowledge systems (mythology, religious doctrines, kinship systems, cosmologies) primarily in francophone Africa.Fabian’s project, Closing House: A Late Ethnography, is built around an ethnographic text, consisting of a long conversation in Swahili with Kahenga Mukonkwa, a Congolese healer and practitioner of magic (recorded in Lubumbashi, Congo, in September, 1974). Prior to the recording, Kahenga had been consulted as a healer and had performed a magic-protective ritual of "closing the house," which Fabian observed and took notes on. "Closing house" and "late" signal background issues that will be made topical. The former not only refers to the event that resulted in the ethnographic text; it is also intended as a pun on the metaphor of "closing shop." Fabian will reflect on the situation in which he finds himself, facing the need to clean up, as it were, a vast store of ideas and materials that have accumulated during four decades. "Late ethnography" evokes practical and theoretical issues, among them temporal distance to field research ("ethnography and memory"), the problematic distinction between ethnography and historiography, and the allegation implied in post-colonial critique that it may be too late to write ethnographies.

Marcus Folch

Geballe Dissertation Fellow 2005-06

Classics, Stanford University

"The Ethics of Performance: Plato, Aristotle, and Fifth-Century Athenian Dance Culture"

Marinés Fornerino

Humanities and International Studies Fellow 2005-06

Political Sciences, Universidad Rafael Urdaneta

"One Hundred Years of Liberalism: The Venezuela that Chavez Inherited and the Venezuela that Chavez is Remaking"

Marinés Fornerino is an Associate Professor of Political Science at the Universidad Rafael Urdaneta in Maracaibo, Venezuela. She received a joint Ph.D. in Public Policy and Political Science from Indiana University in 2002.One Hundred Years of Liberalism centers on Venezuela under President Hugo Chávez, addressing democracy, political theory, and the Venezuelan experience, particularly over the last two years. The book focuses on the idea that democracy itself is being refashioned in a way that is more communitarian than neoliberal. The project not only traces how this plays out theoretically, but -- by examining the new Venezuelan constitution, the social projects and “missions” of the Chávez government, and the speeches and writings of President Chávez himself -- explores how, in practice, democracy can be understood divorced of its liberal roots.

Sabine Frühstück

External Faculty Fellow 2005-06

East Asian Languages and Cultural Studies, University of California, Santa Barbara

"Japan Avant-Garde: The Army of the Future"

Sabine Frühstück is Associate Professor of Modern Japanese Cultural Studies at the University of California, Santa Barbara. She is the author of Colonizing Sex: Sexology and Social Control in Modern Japan (2003).The Japan Self-Defense Forces (1952-present), or SDF, operate under paradoxical conditions: Article 9 of the post-WWII constitution prohibits Japan from maintaining armed forces, yet Japan has armed forces that are equipped with the most advanced military technology and the world’s third-largest budget. Service members are trained for combat like those in most other military establishments, yet they serve exclusively non-traditional needs such as community works, disaster relief, and peace-keeping. The SDF have not once engaged in combat, yet the integration of women has been slow and hesitant. Shaped by their ambiguous status, the SDF are active in wider debates about the very roles they are supposed to fulfill in Japan and abroad. The following core question drives the study: how have the SDF established themselves within the anti-militarist Japanese environment and as an avant-garde force - in terms of missions, service member profiles, and military-societal relations - internationally? The response to this question will culminate in the book Japan Avant-Garde: The Army of the Future.

David Holloway

Internal Faculty Fellow 2005-06

History and Political Science; Stanford Institute for International Studies, Stanford University

"Science and Politics in the Twentieth Century: The Life of Yu.B. Khariton"

David Holloway is the Raymond A. Spruance Professor of International History, a professor of political science, and an SIIS senior fellow. He was co-director of CISAC from 1991 to 1997, and director of SIIS from 1998 to 2003. His research focuses on the international history of nuclear weapons, on science and technology in the Soviet Union, and on the relationship between international history and international relations theory. His book Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956 (Yale University Press, 1994) was chosen by the New York Times Book Review as one of the 11 best books of 1994, and it won the Vucinich and Shulman prizes of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies. Holloway also wrote The Soviet Union and the Arms Race (1983) and co-authored The Reagan Strategic Defense Initiative: Technical, Political and Arms Control Assessment (1984).Holloway’s book project focuses on the life of Yulii Borisovich Khariton, the Soviet nuclear physicist who directed the first Soviet nuclear weapons laboratory from 1946 to 1992. Holloway will address not only the politics of Khariton’s professional involvement with Stalin, but also the role of Khariton’s Jewish identity and the moral and psychological issues involved in his work. Holloway views Khariton as a “striking example of political conformism, and all the more interesting because his conformism appears to have been genuine, not a mask behind which he hid his real views.” Personal interviews with Khariton at his laboratory, as well as memoirs and declassified documents will inform Holloway’s writing.

Steven Justice

External Faculty Fellow 2005-06

English, University of California, Berkeley

"Did the Middle Ages Believe Their Miracles?"

Steven Justice is an Associate Professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley. He is the author of Writing and Rebellion: England in 1381 (1994) and has written a number of essays on medieval England and France.Justice's book project, Did the Middle Ages Believe in their Miracles? asks what kind of cognitive investment, and what kind of experience, western medieval Christianity expected theological belief to consist of. This project reveals some of the speculative, even skeptical, energy that was available to normative Christianity, and from this discussion, rethinks the relation of intellectual freedom in the middle ages to ascetic and institutional disciplines.

Alla Kassianova

Humanities and International Studies Fellow 2005-06

International Relations, Tomsk State University

"Russian Defense Industrial Complex as Political Actor: Domestic and International Implications"

Alla Kassianova has spent most of her professional life at Tomsk State University in Russia where she received an undergraduate degree in History and a Ph.D. in Historiography. She now teaches at the university’s Department of International Relations. She is interested in Russia’s foreign policy and security policy. Currently, Kassianova’s research focuses on the defense industrial dimension of international security relationships.Kassianova’s project, Russian Defense Industrial Complex as Political Actor: Domestic and International Implications aims to assess the political role of Russia’s defense industrial complex caught in tension between the increasing state control and market imperatives. It will look into the development of the industry to map out the range of interests, the channels of their representation, and the impact of these interests in the context of Russia’s domestic political processes and international strategies.

Joann Kleinneiur

Geballe Dissertation Fellow 2005-06

English, Stanford University

"Elements of Poetry: Chemistry and Poetics in Erasmus Darwin, Coleridge, Blake, and Shelley"

Wendy Larson

External Faculty Fellow 2005-06

East Asian Languages and Literatures, University of Oregon

"Rewriting the Red: Sexuality and the Cultural Revolution in Contemporary Chinese Culture"

Wendy Larson is Professor of Chinese Language and Literature in the Department of East Asian Languages and Literatures at the University of Oregon. Her research includes Women and Writing in Modern China (Stanford, 1998), and the co-edited Gender in Motion: Divisions of Labor and Cultural Change in Late Imperial and Modern China (Rowman & Littlefield, 2005).Through interpretation of post-Mao fiction and film on the Cultural Revolution, Rewriting the Red: Sexuality and the Cultural Revolution in Contemporary Chinese Culture investigates the transition from the revolutionary to the sexualized character. Central to this project is the historically developed concept of revolutionary jingshen (spirit), and its relationship to the centering of sexuality promoted by Freud and Chinese intellectuals in the early twentieth century.

Judith Lichtenberg

Associate Fellow 2005-06

Philosophy, University of Maryland

"The Moral Psychology of Giving and Receiving and Its Implications for Political Philosophy"

Judith Lichtenberg holds a joint appointment in the Department of Philosophy and the Institute for Philosophy and Public Policy at the University of Maryland. She writes and teaches in ethics and political philosophy, with special interests in international and domestic justice, higher education, and the mass media. She is co-author (with Robert K. Fullinwider) of Leveling the Playing Field: Justice, Politics, and College Admissions (Rowman & Littlefield, 2004).For the last thirty years philosophers have considered what moral obligations the rich have to the poor (in their own society or outside it) and what rights the poor have against the rich. Lichtenberg’s book project, The Moral Psychology of Giving and Receiving and Its Implications for Political Philosophy, investigates the moral and psychological demands the practices of giving and receiving make on donors and recipients, and explores implications for an adequate view of human rights and the morality of assistance.

Jehangir Malegam

Geballe Dissertation Fellow 2005-06

History, Stanford University

"Peace and its Visions in High Medieval Europe: Theology and Society 1060-1180"

Purnima Mankekar

Internal Faculty Fellow 2005-06

Cultural and Social Anthropology, Stanford University

"India Travels: Transnational Public Cultures, Gender, and the Reconfiguration of Belonging"

Purnima Mankekar joined the Anthropology Department's program in Comparative Cultural Studies in the Spring of 1994. Based on research among viewers whose interpretations of television serials is contextually analyzed, Professor Mankekar's work has stimulated some of the most exciting new questions about popular culture and nationalism emerging out of British cultural studies. She is the author of Screening Culture, Viewing Politics : An Ethnography of Television, Womanhood, and Nation in Postcolonial India (Duke, 1999). She now examines the production of South Asian American public cultures. Her next project focuses on transnational flows within the Third World.Mankekar's proposed book, Transnational Public Cultures, Gender and the Reconfiguration of Belonging, explores how transnational public cultures, as manifestations of globalization, affect the social relationships, everyday practices, imaginations, and desires of men and women at two nodes in a global circuit of images, texts, and commodities: New Dehli, India, and the San Francisco Bay Area. Mankekar draws upon a repertoire of interdisciplinary methodologies such as narrative analyses, oral histories, video recordings of public events, and the textual analyses of media representations that go beyond the conventional ethnographic practices of participant-observation and interviews.

Yoshiko Matsumoto

Internal Faculty Fellow 2005-06

Asian Languages, Stanford University

"Understanding and Misunderstanding Discourse of Elderly Japanese Women"

Yoshiko Matsumoto is Associate Professor of Asian Languages at Stanford University. Her research and publications focus on various structural and social aspects of linguistic pragmatics; in particular, the ways in which certain meanings are conveyed by the speaker/writer and construed by the listener/reader in the textual and social context, with publications such as Noun-Modifying Constructions in Japanese: A frame semantic approach (1997) and “Alternative Femininity and the Presentation of Self in Japanese” (2004). Matsumoto received her Ph.D. in Linguistics from U.C. Berkeley.Matsumoto’s book project, Understanding and Misunderstanding Discourse of Elderly Japanese Women examines discursive practices of elderly Japanese women, with particular attention to ways in which their age, gender and individual personae are reflected and performed in their verbal interactions. Given the abundance of stereotypes of elderly women, for example as feeble and as asexual, the study strives to avoid sources of unconscious bias embedded in the choices of discourse practices to be examined, in the methodology, or in the interpretations posited for specific phenomena. The ultimate fruit of this project is to encourage greater attention to the latter part of the life-span by illuminating the richness of the language and lives of people in an age group that is largely unknown and by offering evidence against the simple decrement-based “ageist” view.

Robert Polhemus

Internal Faculty Fellow 1984-85, 2005-06

English, Stanford University

"The Visible World of Woody Allen"

Robert Polhemus has interests in the workings of literary history; 19th-century British literature — especially the novel; 20th-century British fiction; the visual arts (including film); and cultural psychology. He is particularly interested in desire, love, comedy, inter-generational psychology, and the seeking and rendering of faith in literature and art. His work centers on fiction and art as a means for exploring, expressing, and satisfying the longing for secular faith in the last two centuries. The novelists he has written on include Austen, Scott, Dickens, Charlotte Bronte, Emily Bronte, Thackeray, George Eliot, Lewis Carroll, Hardy, Meredith, D.H. Lawrence, Joyce, Virginia Woolf, and Samuel Beckett. His major publications are Lot's Daughters: Sex, Redemption, and Women's Quest for Authority; Erotic Faith: Being in Love from Austen to Lawrence ; Comic Faith: The Great Tradition from Austen to Joyce; and The Changing World of Anthony Trollope. He is presently writing a book on the history of tensions between religion and art, A Device to Root out Evil, and one on Woody Allen.

Jennifer Roberts

External Faculty Fellow 2005-06

History of Art and Architecture, Harvard University

"Transporting Visions: Portable Images in Early America"

Jennifer L. Roberts is Assistant Professor of History of Art and Architecture at Harvard University. She teaches American art from the colonial period to the present, with particular interests in issues of landscape, travel, material culture, and the history of science. She is the author of Mirror-Travels: Robert Smithson and History (Yale University Press, 2004). Roberts received her B.A. in Art History and English from Stanford University in 1992 and her Ph.D. in History of Art from Yale in 2000.Roberts's project explores the transportation of images in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century America. By focusing on images designed to be hauled across time and distance - portrait miniatures, peace medallions, paintings-on-tour, and the like - her book will offer a new view of early American visual culture based in period understandings of memory, communication, and media. And by following the paths that these images traced through the physical and social landscape, it will offer a unique perspective on the function of imagery in early American commodity circulation, cross-cultural exchange, geographic expansion, and social cohesion. How, Roberts asks, were images understood to "carry" across distances? How were they differentiated from verbal signals, and how was their tactile embodiment understood to impact their capacity for transmission? What unique communicative qualities were images understood to have - could they "remember" their passage through space? Absorb and transmit the various gazes that befell them? And - most importantly -- how might such images reflect, at the structural level, the hopes and frustrations attending their own passage? The book will ultimately argue that these hopes and frustrations inflected a broad swath of visual culture in early America.

Robert Royalty

External Faculty Fellow 2005-06

Philosophy and Religion, Wabash College

"The History of Heresy and the Origins of Christianity"

Royalty is Associate Professor of Religion at Wabash College in Crawfordsville, Indiana. He received his Ph.D. in Religious Studies from Yale in 1995. He taught for three years at Stanford University in the Cultures, Ideas and Values program (now called Introduction to the Humanities) before joining the Wabash College faculty in 1999. He has written a book titled The Streets of Heaven: The Ideology of Wealth in the Apocalypse of John, and several articles on the social history and rhetoric of the Book of Revelation as well as the construction of "heresy" in early Christian texts.Royalty's research project is a study of early Christian heresiology, or the rhetoric of heresy, in the first and second centuries CE. Reading for ideology in early Christian texts, he will examine how these communities formed rhetorically and socially around the construction of error and falsehood.

Christen Smith

Geballe Dissertation Fellow 2005-06

History, Stanford University

"Acting Out: Theater and the Politics of Citizenship at the Periphery in Salvador, Bahia, Brazil"

Blake Stevens

Geballe Dissertation Fellow 2005-06

Music, Stanford University

"A Critical History of the Monologue in French Opera from Lully to Rameau"

Roberta Strippoli

Geballe Dissertation Fellow 2005-06

Asian Languages, Stanford University

"The Construction of a Virtuous Woman Entertainer: Textual Avatars of the shirabyoshi dancer Gio"

Bryan Wolf

Internal Faculty Fellow 2005-06

Art and Art History, Stanford University

"The Dreams of Transparency"

Bryan J. Wolf joined the Stanford faculty in 2002 as the Jeanette and William Hayden Jones Professor in American Art and Culture. He also serves as Co-Director of the new Stanford Arts Initiative. He previously taught at Yale University as Professor of American Studies and English. His writing focuses on American art and literature of the nineteenth-century; ways of seeing in the transatlantic world of the eighteenth century; and reconceptualizations of race and ethnicity in contemporary American art. His latest publication, Vermeer and the Invention of Seeing (University of Chicago Press, 2001), addresses the question of Vermeer’s “modernity,” arguing for Vermeer’s immersion in — rather than withdrawal from — the historical concerns of his day. He has recently completed American Encounters: Art and Cultural Identity from the Beginning to the Present (Prentice Hall, 2006), a co-authored textbook of the history of the visual arts in the United States from the perspective of the early twenty-first century.Wolf’s current book, The Dream of Transparency, explores the many — and often vexed — ways that seeing has been set aside from the other senses and asked to do special work in the modern world. From John Locke to John Ruskin, sight has been linked to notions of innocence and transparency, as if seeing clearly were a moral imperative and thinking clearly the result of unmediated vision. The Dream of Transparency focuses on the way that seeing works historically to affirm the tenets of liberal belief: that the world is stable and inert, that the individual has agency within that world, that the individual’s relation to the environment forms a seamless whole. Each chapter pursues the dream of transparency at a specific historical moment, examining the fantasy of a visually coherent and transparent world, and the cultural ends towards which that fantasy has been applied.

Steven Yao

External Faculty Fellow 2005-06

English, Hamilton College

"Foreign Accents: Chinese American Poetry and the Language of Ethnicity"

Steven Yao, Assistant Professor of English at Hamilton College, is the author of Translation and the Languages of Modernism: Gender, Politics, Language (Palgrave 2002), and of several articles on Asian American poetry. He is also co-editor of a collection of essays, Sinographies: Writing China, forthcoming from University of Minnesota Press.Combining extensive social contextualization with an analysis of the rhetorical and formal strategies by which various Chinese American writers have sought to incorporate Chinese culture and especially language in constructing an ethnic subjectivity, Foreign Accents seeks to delineate an historical poetics of Chinese American verse from its beginnings in the early twentieth century to our contemporary moment. Alongside this literary historical dimension, the study will track developments in poetry against changes in the dominant U.S. legal and cultural approaches to characterizing the notion of “Chineseness,” first by means of the discursive category of race, and subsequently through that of ethnicity. This project shows how Chinese American verse variously articulates a “counter-poetics” of difference in response and challenge to hegemonic discourses about the terms of minority identity in the U.S.

Arnold Zwicky

Internal Faculty Fellow 2005-06

Linguistics, Stanford University

"Adventures in the Advice Trade"

Arnold Zwicky is a Visiting Professor of Linguistics at Stanford University. He is also a Distinguished University Professor Emeritus of Linguistics at Ohio State University. Zwicky received his Ph.D. in linguistics from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1965. He served as president of the Linguistic Society of America in 1992. He also held the title of Sapir Professor at the Linguistic Institute in 1999. He has been a fellow at the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1992 and 1998.Zwicky's book project, Adventures in the Advice Trade: An examination of the Modern Advice Literature on English Grammar and Usage, views this literature both in its cultural setting and as a body ofwriting on language.