An Archaeology of Early Modern Sápmi
Dr. Jonas Nordin, Visiting Scholar, Stanford University, is a historical archaeologist from Sweden, specialized in early modern globalization and the role of Scandinavia in that process, but with a background in medieval archaeology. As a visiting researcher at Stanford Archaeology Center, his work concerns synthesizing knowledge regarding Scandinavians and the early modern global world through an archaeological perspective. In recent years Jonas has published studies regarding colonial policies in Sápmi; its material and spatial repercussions and the importance of these processes for Sámi self-determination.
This talk will address colonial practices in Sápmi, the land of the Sámi, in central and northern Fennoscandia during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries.
Concurrent to European, particularly Dutch and English colonial expansion of the 17th century, the kingdoms of Denmark, Sweden and Russia expanded northwards to the North Ice Sea. This meant that the indigenous Sámi people became subjects of the Christian kingdoms of northern Europe. Through the surveying for natural resources, mapping of territory and collecting of material culture Denmark/Norway and Sweden tried to gain control over the area and its inhabitants. This process started in the late medieval period, intensified during the 17th century, and led to the marginalization of the Sámi people--and a lack of self-determination for the Sámi still prevails today. In the talk I will focus on the rapid changes during the 17th century. In particular, I will address exploitation of metals, scientific colonial projects, mapping and religious mission. The talk will also address Sámi perspectives on the process.