Image of East River from the Shelton Hotel by Georgia O’Keeffe’s
“A Basis of Permanent Peace”: 20th-Century Lessons of Global War and the 21st-Century Promise of Climate Reparations

Chastened by global war, a group of American foreign policymakers in the mid-1940s turned to ideas of rebalancing transnational patterns of resource use more equally to prevent future world wars. Although this vision was ultimately defeated, their story offers lessons for today amid calls for climate reparations to address global inequality, climate crisis, and militarized geopolitics.